First assignment of group n° 075

De Movilab.org

Resources used by the team

NAME OF THE MEMBER OF THE TEAM
ACCESSED RESOURCES
Valentine Moren
Videos:
  • Video 1 : - Latitude responsable : potters for peace.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yidvs1JvS6E

  • Video 2 : Katja Hansen : the cradle to cradle concept in details.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HM20zk8WvoM

  • Video 3 : - les barbares attaquent le retail.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QBeEAjr7Z6o


Book : Global gâchis waste, Tristam Stuart


Documents:

  • Article 1 : « Improving conditions for women workers has a domino effect », Dan Rees, The guardian.

http://www.theguardian.com/sustainable-business/women-garmet-workers-conditions

  • Article 2 : « Apple under fire again for working conditions at Chinese factories », Agence France Presse, The guardian.

http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2014/dec/19/apple-under-fire-again-for-working-conditions-at-chinese-factories

  • Article 3 : « IKEA Imagines a World Without Textiles—And It's Just as Painful as You'd Think », KC IFEANY Fast Company.

http://www.fastcocreate.com/1681190/ikea-imagines-a-world-without-textiles-and-its-just-as-painful-as-youd-think

  • Article 4 : « Recovers.org Is Making Donations More Efficient », Caitria O’NEILL and Alvin LIANG, Fast company.

http://www.fastcompany.com/3014806/recoversorg-is-making-donations-more-efficient

  • Article 5 : Bangladeshi factory workers locked in on 19-hour shifts, Richard Bilton, BBC website

http://www.bbc.com/news/business-24195441

Khaled Ghazi
Videos:
  • Video 1 : Les barbares attaquent le luxe.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gCtCt4ctrY4&index=33&list=PL_e3KIBwbAbWjYcbEvovqo293d-yIGbPB

  • Video 2 : Cruel sera le réveil, le crash pétrolier.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GxC6ZOHZA0E

  • Video 3 : Latitude responsable - Pesinet.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6MMjUih03xA


Book : The Third Industrial Revolution, Jeremy Rifkin

Documents:

  • Article 1 : « Working conditions in the fashion industry: news and resources round up », Emily Drabble, The Guardian.

http://www.theguardian.com/teacher-network/teacher-blog/2013/may/19/fashion-industry-garment-factory-collapse-teaching-news-resources

  • Article 2 : 2. « How Verité Is Improving Labor Conditions At Your Favorite Companies », Ariel Schwartz, Fast Company.

http://www.fastcoexist.com/1678471/how-verit-is-improving-labor-conditions-at-your-favorite-companies

  • Article 3 : « Textiles manufacturers can't avoid circular economy principles forever », Claudia Cahalane, The Guardian.

http://www.theguardian.com/sustainable-business/textiles-manufacturers-circular-economy-business-model

  • Article 4 : "Bangladesh garment factories still exploiting child labour for UK products", Miles Brignall and Sarah Butler, The Guardian.

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/feb/06/bangladesh-garment-factories-child-labour-uk

  • Article 5 : "Poverty and Low Earnings in the Developing World",Gary S. Fields, Cornell University ILR School.

http://digitalcommons.ilr.cornell.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1151&context=workingpapers


Hugo Tran
Videos:
  • Video 1 : Textile : la colère des exploitées - Envoyé Spécial

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Fxo66Q7rSMM

  • Video 2 : 7 jours BFM: Bangladesh, morts pour nos habits? -

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MjkQcIUBYbo

  • Video 3 : L'exploitation des travailleurs du textile dans les pays pauvres - TV5 Monde

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V5aPaw5Kl-8


Book : Biomimétisme, quand la nature inspire des innovations durables, Janine M. Benyus


Documents:

  • Article 1 : « Pas de répit dans l’exploitation des ouvriers du textile d’Asie » by Charlotte Cieslinski

http://rue89.nouvelobs.com/2013/12/31/repit-lexploitation-ouvriers-textile-dasie-248684

  • Article 2 « Despite Low Pay, Poor Work Conditions, Garment Factories Empowering Millions Of Bangladeshi Women » by Palash Ghosh

http://www.ibtimes.com/despite-low-pay-poor-work-conditions-garment-factories-empowering-millions-bangladeshi-women-1563419

  • Article 3 : Channeling Change: Making Collective Impact Work , Fay Hanleybrown, John Kania, & Mark Kramer, Stanford Social Innovation review.

http://ssir.org/articles/entry/channeling_change_making_collective_impact_work

  • Article 4 : The Instant-Gratification Guide To Being Happier At Work , Gwen Moran, FastCompany,

http://www.fastcompany.com/3050228/know-it-all/the-instant-gratification-guide-to-being-happier-at-work

  • Article 5 : Chinese Working Conditions Raised ... Along With the Price of Gadgets? », Kit EATON, FastCompany.

http://www.fastcompany.com/1667154/chinese-working-conditions-raised-along-price-gadgets

Remi Fernandes
Videos:
  • Video 1 : Marcin Jakubowski :

https://youtu.be/S63Cy64p2lQ

  • Video 2 : Latitude Responsable Danone Communication:

https://youtu.be/4pUd7eCf7Sg

  • Video 3 : Les barbares attaquent l'agriculture:

https://youtu.be/fMgTUhSFsd0


Book : innover au service de l'intérêt général, Editions Vuibert, Barthélémy, A. et Slitine, R. (2011), Entrepreneuriat social


Documents:

  • Article 1 : Anniversaire du Rana Plaza : la responsabilité des multinationales pas encore à l’ordre du jour en France:

http://multinationales.org/Anniversaire-du-Rana-Plaza-la

  • Article 2 : Le pari de l'économie circulaire: Alternative économique septembre 2015 n349
  • Article 3 : Cotton in the South: is a new sustainable textile industry rising?

http://www.theguardian.com/sustainable-business/2014/jul/29/farm-cotton-tshirt-local-jobs-nafta-north-carolina-sustainable-industry

  • Article 4 : Have garment factory working conditions improved since Rana Plaza?

http://www.theguardian.com/sustainable-business/garment-factory-working-conditions-rana-plaza-collapse-unions

  • Article 5 : Textile industry embraces a growing opportunity in the CE100:

http://www.ellenmacarthurfoundation.org/news/textile-industry-embraces-a-growing-opportunity-in-the-ce100

Gautier Pelsy-Johann
Videos:
  • Video 1 : Les barbares attaquent le textile

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HLkVqCpRQ00

  • Video 2 : Ted Talk : Esther Duflo – des expériences sociales pour combattre la pauvreté

https://www.ted.com/talks/esther_duflo_social_experiments_to_fight_poverty?language=fr

  • Video 3 The circular economy:

https://youtu.be/N-cWaRRLh3k


Book : Un million de révolutions tranquilles : Travail, argent, habitat, santé, environnement… B. Manier


Documents:

  • Article 1 : What are the biggest problem in the world?

https://80000hours.org/articles/cause-selection/?gclid=CNOY6b34o8cCFSsEwwod-VMH_Q

  • Article 2 : Les pays émergents : performance ou développement ?

http://www.laviedesidees.fr/Les-pays-emergents-performance-ou.html

  • Article 3 : Using Design Thinking to eradicate poverty creation : Standford Social Innovation Review

http://ssir.org/articles/entry/using_design_thinking_to_eradicate_poverty_creation

  • Article 4 : -Wearables could make it impossible to keep your hangover secret at work : Guardian Sustainable Business

http://www.theguardian.com/sustainable-business/2015/sep/30/wearables-companies-smart-devices-health-wellbeing-privacy

  • Article 5 : Sustainable development goals: what business needs to know : Guardian Sustainable Business

http://www.theguardian.com/sustainable-business/2015/sep/24/sustainable-development-goals-business-sdg-targets

Jean-François Boulanger
Videos:
  • Video 1 : Les Barbares Attaquent l'Education !

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FoOAEIoJrjc

  • Video 2 : Les Barbares Attaquent l'emploi !

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hVOHJx_hPLE

  • Video 3 : Prêt à jeter - l'obsolescence programmé:

https://youtu.be/5eSoBBapXCg


Book : Cradle To Cradle - William McDonough La nouvelle société coût marginal zéro - Jeremy Rifkin


Documents:

  • Article 1 : Made in Britain: UK textile workers earning £3 per hour:

http://www.theguardian.com/sustainable-business/sustainable-fashion-blog/2015/feb/27/made-in-britain-uk-textile-workers-earning-3-per-hour

  • Article 2 : Mela wear can close the loop for cotton textiles:

http://www.nesta.org.uk/mela-wear-can-close-loop-cotton-textiles

  • Article 3 : Brazil's textile industry: a world of untapped potential:

http://www.theguardian.com/sustainable-business/blog/brazil-textile-industry-potential

  • Article 4 : Inside Nike's Struggle to Balance Cost and Worker Safety in Bangladesh, Shelly Banjo, The Wall Street Journal.

http://www.wsj.com/articles/SB10001424052702303873604579493502231397942

  • Article 5 : Working conditions in the Bangladeshi garment sector: social dialogue and compliance, Riccardo David Mariani, Fabrizio Valenti, Fairwear website.

http://www.fairwear.org/ul/cms/fck-uploaded/documents/countrystudies/bangladesh/WorkingconditionsintheBangladeshigarmentsectorSocialdialogueandcompliance.pdf

Quentin Codevelle
Videos:
  • Video 1 : Les barbares attaquent hollywood:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k9b_HlQu3YI

  • Video 2 : TEDxKC - Marcin Jakubowski - Civilization Starter Kit:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S63Cy64p2lQ

  • Video 3 : Jacqueline Novogratz: Une troisième voie pour réfléchir à l'aide humanitaire:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x4m6j7rSyzY

  • Video 4 Liberate your company!: Isaac Getz at TEDxESCP:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sVBddXmynSc

  • Video 5 : Project ReDesign Renault Internship - The Future of mobility:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PVoENm4eEcM


Book : L’innovation jugaad redevenons ingénieux, Navi Radjou, Jaideep Prabhu, Simone Ahuja


Documents:

  • Article 1 : 3 Ways To Be Happier At Work:

http://www.fastcompany.com/.../3-ways-to-be-happier-at-work

  • Article 2 : After The Disaster, Looking For Success Stories In Bangladesh:

http://www.fastcoexist.com/3020771/after-the-disaster-looking-for-success-stories-in-bangladesh

  • Article 3 : What Is The Best Country In The World To Work?:

http://www.fastcompany.com/3029724/work-smart/what-is-the-best-country-in-the-world-to-work

  • Article 4 : Textile : les ouvrières asiatiques en lutte pour un salaire vital:

http://multinationales.org/Textile-les-ouvrieres-asiatiques

  • Article 5 : Un an après le Rana Plaza, Auchan et Carrefour pas prêts à assumer leurs responsabilités :

http://multinationales.org/Un-an-apres-le-Rana-Plaza-Auchan


1. What Problem do you want to solve ?

The problem we want to solve is the working conditions in the newly industrialized countries such as East Asia countries in the textile industry. By trying to solve this problem, we also try to defend other values because the working conditions undermine ethic and Human Rights in those countries.

This problem can be illustrated by some figures: China for example is the number one producing textile in the world followed by Bangladesh, Vietnam and Pakistan. Moreover China produces 33% of the worldwide textile exports and 44% of the European market. Then, children and women represents 62% of the workers in 2014.

Finally, the lack of security is obvious when we consider accidents that occurred such has the Primark factory that collapsed and killed 1100 people in Bangladesh in 2013. Even if some standards like the Norm Reach against the use of chemical products exist, some companies ignore them and it can cause serious health problems to the workers. Our main credo here is to raise customers' awareness of the working conditions and everything they affect in the NIC.


2. Why does this problem exist?

We live in a capitalist world where profit-making is the number one rule. This is not just a fact, this is a sad reality. From this point we have been witnessing, for the past decades, an absolutely intolerable and inhumane behaviour in the textile industry. With a sleek of economies of scale and a price competition that are more and more exacerbated, the globalization phenomenon has definitely anchored itself in the global landscape. This partly explains the resort to producing at a very low price in the NIC, where companies have to deal with a not always educated workforce. Also, the lack of jurisdiction in this area should be duly noted. This is mainly what have led the textile industry to what it is nowadays. Furthermore, the present day societies, as any neoliberal society, follow the same pattern, the same outlines. They are manipulated by the media. To incite people to consume and to generate profit, the media do not hesitate to misrepresent the cruel reality. But they can try to spin it every which way they like, it does not change facts. For the past years you have been aware of this reality but you felt powerless? You had great ideas but you thought it was hopeless? No more excuses! Today, together, it is our responsibility to put an end to this issue.


3. What breakthrough are you commited to creating?

We aspire to operate a shift in order to end this humanitarian disaster. Regarding this scourge, we have settle three objectives for the improvement of this current issue: In one hand, our objective is to make people who do not feel concern about this phenomenon realize what is happening, and on the other hand incite them to act and become part of the solution. Secondly, for people who are aware of the issue, we would like to create and offer them a tool. This one will provide a continuous flow of transparent information concerning working conditions. We will also offer them the opportunity to be involve in the struggle and be part of a community. Finally, about the companies, the objective is to set up a balance of power, which will help find a breakthrough in the textile industry.

Obviously, the coordination of those three ideas will lead to a healthy situation. Indeed, this scheme seems to be the only way for customer to feel less guilty and more involved in that issue.

Freedom of purchasing, duty to act.


Experts :

1. Laurent Pelsy-Johann: Coordinateur international de la direction qualité, développement durable durable du groupe mousquetaire.

2. Expert de l'ARACT: association régional de l'amélioration des conditions de travail du Nord-Pas-de-Calais.

3. Contact potentiel en tant qu'analyste en coordination avec l'organisation mondial du travail.

Homepage of the course