First assignment of group n° 007
Resources used by the team TEAM 7
ACCESSED RESOURCES Nicolas DELAHOUSSE Videos:
Video 1 :http://blogues.radio-canada.ca/rive-sud/2013/04/22/changer-dechets-kengtek/ Video 2 :https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9kKRdlAFuZw Video 3 :https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2dkmjJZD9_M
Book :Zero Waste Home: The Ultimate Guide to Simplifying Your Life by Reducing Your Waste Paperback – April 9, 2013 - by Bea Johnson Documents:
Article 1 : http://www.ademe.fr/sites/default/files/assets/documents/fiche-technique-methanisation-201502.pdf - Fiche Technique - Méthanisation - ADEME Angers - 2015 Article 2 :http://www.waste-management-world.com/articles/print/volume-11/issue-2/features/innovations-in-waste.html - INNOVATIONS IN WASTE - by Claudine Capel Article 3 :http://www.conserve-energy-future.com/waste-to-energy.php Article 4 :http://www.proparco.fr/webdav/site/proparco/shared/PORTAILS/Secteur_prive_developpement/PDF/SPD15/SPD15_Tranie_Tandon%20_FR.pdf - Jean-Pascal Tranié et Vivek Tandon Recyclage et innovation en Inde : PerPETual Globall Article 5 :https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00009056/document
Parvati DELATAILLADE Videos:
Video 1 : Turning Trash Into Energy,
Video 2 :-Clean India : Working Models of Rural Waste Management https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YL7w14RQAyo Video 3 :-Shamengo : Esteban Chornet « I fill up my tank with what you throw away »
Book :Garbology : Our Dirty Love Affair with Trash, Edward Humes Documents:
Article 1 Effect of improper garbage disposal, by Julie Boehlke (livestrong.com)
Article 2 The Swedish recycling revolution,
Article 3 Avfall Sverige, Swedish Waste Management Towards a greener future with Swedish waste-to-energy : the world’s best example :http://www.avfallsverige.se/fileadmin/uploads/forbranning_eng.pdf Article 4- Keep the fires burning, The Economist
Article 5 - Trash to cash : Norway leads the way in turning waste into energy, Helen Russell, The Guardian
Rashi PURI Videos:
Video 1 :https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Kr_DGf77OhM Video 2 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yDSWGV3jGek Video 3 : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yFBw_qxbOLo
Book : Braungart, M. and McDonough, W. (2002),Cradle to Cradle: Remaking the Way We Make Things, North Point Press Documents:
Article 1: http://www.republicservices.com/our-company/environmental-responsibility Article 2: http://www.waste-management-world.com/topics/device/mobile/t/66499502/waste-management-2030.htm?m_n=true Article 3: http://indianexpress.com/article/cities/mumbai/city-of-garbage-hits-a-dead-end/
AMEL FNAECH Videos:
Video 1 :Importing garbage for energy is good business for Sweeden
Video 2 :Expédition 7e Continent [Documentaire Entier ]
Video 3 :Waste to energy: process explanation
Book : « Outsmart Waste: the modern idea of garbage and how to think our wy out of it » by Szaky, Tom, 2014. Documents:
Article 1 The swedish recycling revolution https://sweden.se/nature/the-swedish-recycling-revolution/
Article 2 Sustainable Waste Management Challenges in Developing Countries – Charlotte Durand
Article 3 Plastic waste heading for oceans quantified, , by Jonathan Amos, BBC Science & Environment, 12 February 2015 Article 4 Smelly, contaminated, full of disease : the world’s open dumps are growing, by John Vidal, The Guardian, May 6 October 2014 Article 5 Bio Fuels-Burning domestic waste
Hind KENNOUDA Videos:
Video 1 :Importing garbage for energy is good business for Sweden
Video 2 :Converting Trash into Electricity - Eliminating the Unwanted, While Creating the Needed
Video 3 : Satyamev Jayate Season 2 | FULL Episode # 3 | Don't Waste your Garbage - Subtitled
Book :Municipal Solid Waste to energy conversion process – Economic, Technical and Renewable Comparison bye Gary C Young Documents:
Article 1 Towards a greener future with Swedish waste to energy; the world’s best example.
Article 2 Does Burning Garbage to Produce Electricity Make Sense?
Article 3 Can We Turn Garbage Into Energy? The pros and cons of plasma incineration.
Article 4 How to Generate Energy from Trash
Article 5 Getting Biofuel from the World’s Garbage
Manel AIT MALEK Videos:
Video 1 :The power of Garbage -- New Technologies in Turkey | Global Ideas
Video 2 :Waste to Energy in India: A Discussion
Book : Garbage In, Garbage Out: Solving the Problems with Long-Distance Trash Transport Vivian E. Thomson
Article 1 Europe Finds Clean Energy in Trash, but U.S. - Lags By ELISABETH ROSENTHAL
Article 2 Renewable Energy
Article 3 Plastic fantastic: The big business of clever recycling
Article 4 http://www.thetimes.co.uk/tto/money/consumeraffairs/article4573163.ece Article 5 http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/waste-to-energy-technology-for-production-of-hydrogen-based-fuels-as-a-replacement-of-acetylene-for-cutting-fuels-becomes-top-priority-for-major-utility--public-service-companies-530076601.html
Flora TRAN Videos:
J. Novogratz, A third way to think about aid
Ellen Mc Arthur,The surprising thing I learned sailing solo around the world
Latitude Responsable, Potters for Peace
Book : Novogratz J. (20),The Blue Sweater, Bridging the Gap between Rich and Poor in an Interconnected World, Rodale Documents:
Article 1 http://ssir.org/book_reviews/entry/green_giants_how_smart_companies_turn_sustainability_into_billion_dollar_bu Article 2 http://blog.rmi.org/blog_2014_07_23_combined_heat_and_brewing_power Article 3 http://ssir.org/articles/entry/energy_philanthropy_is_high_impact_philanthropy Article 4 http://blog.rmi.org/blog_2015_09_03_three_steps_to_maximize_the_value_of_batteries Article 5 http://www.theguardian.com/sustainable-business/2015/jan/28/how-renewables-can-come-to-the-rescue-in-disaster-zones
First description of our project's idea Wouldn’t it be great if no household waste was wasted? If each and every item of refuse was turned into something else – new products, raw materials, gas or at least heat?” – The Swedish recycling revolution (https://sweden.se/) Facts about waste • In 2012, 2,270,000 tonnes of household waste was burnt, and that way turned into energy. • The first incineration plant was set up in Stockholm in 1904. • The 32 plants in Sweden today produce heat for 810,000 households and electricity for 250,000 private houses. • Heavy metal emissions have been reduced by 99 per cent since 1985, even though Sweden emits three times more waste today. Source: Avfall Sverige
1. What Problem do you want to solve ?
Garbage is available on every corner of the world. Every year 2.6 trillion pounds (approximately) of garbage is collected globally and not even ¼ is used for recycle or any kind of purposes. Developing nations do not have efficient skills, finance or know-how of how to recycle or utilise their garbage. Some of the develop nations like France, UK or Germany export they garbage to Sweden. The wealthy countries are develop enough to control this kind of technology and to develop it. What about countries who do not treat or recycle garbage at all? It makes the country dirty and unsafe which leads to diseases and causes environmental hazards.
2. Why does this problem exist?
Developing countries waste more but recycle which is not the case of non-develop countries. Having that gap between nations make the garbage’s issue still a discussion. Waste treatment in the world exist for different reasons. First reasons are the demographic growth and the new way of consuming. Indeed, people consume more and more through the evolution of production. It is a kind off, demand and offer idea. Population is on demand as we do offer a lot, for instance, new product, derivate ones, new and costly packaging and polluting. Develop countries recycle more their waste than in the past but the majority of the waste is exported in others countries for treatment. Developing countries meet a real problem about the waste treatment and its storage.
3. What breakthrough are you commited to creating?
Let’s clean the world! The impacts of solving the worldwide issue around bad waste management would be witnessed in several fields such as access to renewable energy for all, reduction of health problems triggered by dumped garbage. Finally, it caps pollution effects on the population and on the Earth To begin with, it would improve access to renewable energy. Indeed, it will be an advantage for developing countries to know how to reuse theirs wastes thanks to a recycling process in order to create energy. Such a solution could make people more aware about recycling and renewable energies. As waste is produced all around the world and especially problematic in the Southern countries, it is a way to simplify the access to energy for everyone. Moreover, using garbage to produce energy stays less expensive than developing a nuclear plant. As a consequence, electricity costs might decrease and be more affordable around the world. Our breakthrough is also to increase the capacity of developing countries to tackle health issues. In a village called Karungalpatti, numbers of mosquitoes and stray dogs have increased because of uncollected or dumped waste. This situation represents a risk for inhabitants, as stays dogs can bring illnesses and so do mosquitoes. Due to poor hygeneic conditions, typhoid, malaria and cholera have spread over the village. This situation illustrates that a better waste recycling could fix part of the health problem. Finally, waste dumping is against the environment, as it triggers soil contamination, or rivers / sea pollution. Reducing it will improve the quality of the air, soil, even water in certain parts of the world. Using renewable energy tends to reduce the greenhouse effect. It can have an impact on the "plastic continent", and decrease it. Such an initiative would have a great impact on the biodiversity, in the sea, on the earth and in the air.
- Scouts et Guides de France, Lille Flandres
Homepage of the course
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