First assignment of group n°038

De Movilab.org

1.What Problem do you want to solve ?

The "Seventh Continent" also called the Great Pacific Garbage Patch is an island made of plastic, dirt and waste, 6 times larger than France and 30 meters deep. This pollution, invisible from space, is found in five large oceans : in the North Pacific, the South Pacific, the North and the South Atlantic and the Indian ocean.

This continent of plastic involves major environmental issues as well as health issues for animals or even for humans. According to the report “green peace”organization, they found at least 267 kinds of marine life dead due to eating oceans garbage.

We are aware that this problem will be a "bigger problem" in A few years, this is the reason why, as responsible citizens, we want to stop the expansion of the 7th continent by cleaning up beaches and to raise awareness towards this issue.


2. Why does this problem exist?

This problem exists for several reasons :

Firstly, this continent is mainly due to the huge amount of garbage on the beaches. Indeed, 80% of wastes come from beaches, rivers ... And only 20% come from boats. Until then, floating debris was destroyed by micro-organisms, but this is no longer the case with the advent of plastics, mainly polyethylene, polypropylene and PET, which constitute 90% of marine waste. However, these amounts continue to grow. It is estimated that 300 million tons of plastic are produced each year worldwide, with almost 10% end up in the oceans. By 2050, the world population will reach 9,6 billion person. Those, consumption and production of plastic will be a problematic issue in the future, as sustainable solution doesn't exist yet.

Secondly, it is a political reason. Governements are aware of this big issue but are not able to do anything for now because all the solutions proposed were a way too expensive. Also the 7th continent doesn't belong to Ancône, so it is hard to agree on who should clean it up.

Finally, people are not aware enough of this issue. If we do anything right now, problem and will be worth in a few years due to the increase of people's growth end consumption of plastic.


3. What breakthrough are you commited to creating?

We are committed to creating way to limit the growth of the 7th continent that will tackle 3 problems:

  • The first one, is to preserve the environment by taking part of the ecological issue that comes from the continent.
  • The second one, is to raise population awareness towards this major issue that is the 7th continent. People have to understand that the problem exists and have to comprehend that being careful with waste/recycling is very important for today, but also for the next population.
  • At the very end, it will permit, thank to our solution(s), to give ideas to 'energy producer' to use the garbage from the continent to create new kind of energy.


Experts :

  • The Ocean Clean Up is an association which develops technologies to extract, prevent and intercept plastic pollution. The Ocean Cleanup’s goal is to fuel the world’s fight against oceanic plastic pollution by initiating the largest cleanup in history. They use crowd funding and succeed to get 2.2 million dollars.

http://www.theoceancleanup.com/about.html

  • La fondation Shell, (oil and gas company). This company invests a lot in sustainable development. So, it might interested to invest in our project. The company would invest in a sustainable development project lead by students. This company could be one of our expert as well as our future investors.

http://www.novethic.fr/isr-et-rse/actualite-de-la-rse/isr-rse/la-fondation-shell-investit-pour-un-developpement-durable-99919.html

  • Expédition 7° continent. Patrick Deixonne - Head of mission. It is an association with aimes to understand and reduce pollution plastic for an unspoiled planet.

http://www.septiemecontinent.com/actualites/


Resources used by the team

NAME OF THE MEMBER OF THE TEAM
ACCESSED RESOURCES
Margault Lacoste
Videos:
  • Video 1 : Plastic threat to our oceans ? Scientists head the investigation

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-qcIllBI9iE

  • Video 2 : Expedition 7e Continent - Atlantique Nord Mai 2014

https://vimeo.com/120068683

  • Video 3 : Le septième continent de plastique ARTE

https://www.bing.com/videos/search?q=septi%c3%a8me+continent+de+plastique+vid%c3%a9o&FORM=VIRE2#view=detail&mid=D484E414D2CDD8657AB5D484E414D2CDD8657AB5


Book : La Pollution des mers, Jean-Marie PERES


Documents:

  • Article 1 : Le 7e continent de plastique : ces tourbillons de déchets dans les océans

http://www.lemonde.fr/planete/article/2012/05/09/le-7e-continent-de-plastique-ces-tourbillons-de-dechets-dans-les-oceans_1696072_3244.html

  • Article 2 : Le 7ème continent : un monstre de plastique

http://information.tv5monde.com/info/le-7eme-continent-un-monstre-de-plastique-1863

  • Article 3 : 4 questions pas si bêtes sur le "septième continent de plastique

http://www.francetvinfo.fr/sciences/quatre-questions-pas-si-betes-sur-le-septieme-continent-de-plastique_614865.html

  • Article 4 : Expedition 7ème continent

http://www.septiemecontinent.com/

  • Article 5 : Un roman écolo sur la pollution et le « septième continent »

http://rue89.nouvelobs.com/2014/07/05/roman-ecolo-pollution-septieme-continent-253461

Sophie Braize
Videos:
  • Video 1 : How the Oceans Can Clean Themselves: Boyan Slat at TEDxDelft, 2012

http://tedxtalks.ted.com/video/How-the-oceans-can-clean-them-2

  • Video 2 : Charles Moore of the Algalita Marine Research Foundation first discovered the Great Pacific Garbage Patch, February 2009

http://www.ted.com/talks/capt_charles_moore_on_the_seas_of_plastic

  • Video 3 : Citizen Science Aims to Clean Up Pacific - Lily Whiteman, National Science Foundation | July 28, 2014 11:04am ET

http://www.livescience.com/47050-pacific-garbage-patch-citizen-science-nsf-bts.html


Book : UNEP Year Book 2011: Emerging Issues in Our Global Environment, Livre 2011


Documents:

  • Article 1 : Great Pacific Garbage Patch / Pacific Trash Vortex

http://education.nationalgeographic.com/encyclopedia/great-pacific-garbage-patch/

  • Article 2 : How the Great Pacific Garbage Patch is Destroying the Oceans and the Future for Marine Life

http://www.onegreenplanet.org/environment/great-pacific-garbage-patch-is-destroying-the-oceans/

  • Article 3 : Choking the Oceans With Plastic, By CHARLES J. MOOREAUG. 25, 2014

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/08/26/opinion/choking-the-oceans-with-plastic.html?_r=0

  • Article 4 : Trash-mapping expedition sheds light on 'Great Pacific Garbage Patch'

http://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2015/aug/23/pacific-ocean-plastic-trash-mapping-mission

  • Article 5 : Garage Patch – The Great Pacific Garbage Patch and other pollution issues

http://garbagepatch.net


Margaux Leclerq
Videos:
  • Video 1 : Planet 100 : ThePacific Trash Vortex expalined 2010 – Planet Green

https://www.youtube.com/watch?t=4&v=xc6LvdsyJ4U

  • Video 2 : Catalyst ABCTV – Plastic Oceans 2012 – ABC TV

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cwTDvqaqPlM

  • Video 3 : Bali’s Big Eco weekend : Uluwatu Challenge 2014 – Quicksilver

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lZEIYuuJodg


Book : Océan Alerte Rouge, Pompignan N/Albanel C, Novembre 2014


Documents:

  • Article 1 : 4 questions pas si bêtes sur le 7ème continent. 2014 – France TV Info, Yannick Sanchez

http://www.francetvinfo.fr/sciences/quatre-questions-pas-si-betes-sur-le-septieme-continent-de-plastique_614865.html

  • Article 2 : A 7th continent called Pacific Trash Vortex. 2013 – The Global Oyster, Erika Sciarra

http://theglobaloyster.com/2013/09/14/a-seventh-continent-called-pacific-trash-vortex/

  • Article 3 : The 7th continent : Kinetic Islands clean the Great Pacific Garbage Patch 2013 – Evolo, Park Sung-Hee & Na Hye Yeon

http://www.evolo.us/competition/the-7th-continent-kinetic-islands-clean-the-great-pacific-garbage-patch/

  • Article 4 : Un nouveau continent de plastique découvert dans l’Atlantique Nord 2014 – Maxi Sciences, Baptiste Rouch

http://www.maxisciences.com/continent-de-plastique/un-nouveau-continent-de-plastique-decouvert-dans-l-039-atlantique-nord_art32837.html

  • Article 5 : The Ocean Clean Up 2013 – Website of the association

http://www.theoceancleanup.com/problem.html

Ibrahim Sadafi
Videos:
  • Video 1 : Marine litter - Ocean report

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hEMLqrgEwbg

  • Video 2 : The plastic threat to our oceans ? Scientists head the investigation.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-qcIllBI9iE

  • Video 3 : Pacific Garbage Dump- Nightline

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8a4S23uXIcM


Book : Outsmart Waste: The Modern Idea of Garbage and How to Think Our Way Out of It - Tom Szaky, Deepak Chopra


Documents:

  • Article 1 : A servent continent caller Pacific trash vortex

http://theglobaloyster.com/2013/09/14/a-seventh-continent-called-pacific-trash-vortex/

  • Article 2 : The servent continent - 3,43 million JM2 waste floating in pacific

http://www.whatagreenlife.com/seventh-continent-3-43-million-km2-waste-floating-pacific/

  • Article 3 : Expédition 7E continent 2015

http://www.kisskissbankbank.com/es/projects/expedition-7e-continent-2015?ref=category

  • Article 4 : The 7TH Continent - Musings on the plastic garage project

http://www.domusweb.it/en/search.html?type=tag&key=The+Plastic+Garbage+Project

  • Article 5 : A planet browning in plastic : a footing Pacific "garage" patch thé size of wales

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2768849/A-planet-drowning-plastic-A-floating-Pacific-garbage-patch-size-Wales-Seabirds-whales-dying-horrible-deaths-How-addiction-plastic-turning-oceans-toxic.html

Ali Benchemsi
Videos:
  • Video 1 : Expédition 7ème continent : le documentaire

http://www.notre-planete.info/actualites/4228-film-expedition-7e-continent

  • Video 2 : Le 7ème continent : un monstre de plastique

http://information.tv5monde.com/info/le-7eme-continent-un-monstre-de-plastique-1863

  • Video 3 : Septième continent

http://www.septiemecontinent.com


Book : “Une mer propre, mission impossible?: 70 clés pour comprendre les déchets en mer.”- Francois Galgani et Isabelle Poitou


Documents:

  • Article 1 : Le septième continent de plastique

http://www.unmondedaventures.fr/le-septieme-continent-de-plastique/

  • Article 2 : Le 7e continent de plastique : ces tourbillons de déchets dans les océans

http://www.lemonde.fr/planete/article/2012/05/09/le-7e-continent-de-plastique-ces-tourbillons-de-dechets-dans-les-oceans_1696072_3244.html

  • Article 3 : La Suède manque de déchets pour fournir ses incinérateurs

http://www.rfi.fr/europe/20120619-penurie-dechets-suede

  • Article 4 : Expedition 7ème continent

http://www.septiemecontinent.com/

  • Article 5 : Les déchets plastiques en mer : un 7ème continent ?

http://www.futura-sciences.com/magazines/environnement/infos/dossiers/d/environnement-dechets-plastiques-mer-7eme-continent-1898/page/2/

Yue Ou
Videos:
  • Video 1 : How the oceans can clean themselves: boyan slat at TEDxDELT

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ROW9F-c0kIQ

  • Video 2 : Catalyst ABC TV-plastic oceans

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cwTDvqaqPlM

  • Video 3 : Charles Moore-the great pacific plastic trash island

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=en4XzfR0FE8


Book : Ocean Pollution,books LLC,2011.08.30


Documents:

  • Article 1 : Plastic debris in the world’s oceans report.

http://www.unep.org/regionalseas/marinelitter/publications/docs/plastic_ocean_report.pdf

  • Article 2 : Why is the world’s biggest landfill in the Pacific Ocean?

http://dp.davincischools.org/teacher/rvance/files/2014/01/HowStuffWorks-_Effects-of-Plastic-and-the-Great-Pacific-Garbage-Patch_-copy.pdf

  • Article 3 : The 8th continent: Pacific Ocean garbage patch

http://www.mnn.com/earth-matters/wilderness-resources/blogs/the-8th-continent-pacific-ocean-garbage-patch

  • Article 4 : Pacific Ocean garbage patch, the continent of garbage

http://hubpages.com/hub/Pacific-Ocean-Garbage-Patch-

  • Article 5 : Afloat in the Ocean, Expanding Islands of Trash

http://ww.greenrock.org/images/stories/new_york_times_article.pdf


Yanli Fu
Videos:
  • Video 1 : Trash Continent

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=io1wo8LoV6E&app=desktop

  • Video 2 : R4WO - Scientific stop Ester Island

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3WrtQUqkQcw#action=share

  • Video 3 : Expedition 7e Continent - Atlantique Nord Mai 2014

https://vimeo.com/120068683


Book : Gyre: The Plastic Ocean‬ , Julie Decker ‪Harry N. Abrams, 8 avr. 2014 - 211 pages‬‬



Documents:

  • Article 1 : The “the seventh continent of plastic”

http://livingcircular.veolia.com/en/did-you-know/seventh-continent-plastic

  • Article 2 : Plastic Garage Gyre

http://www.plasticgarbageproject.org/en/plastic-garbage/problems/plastic-garbage-gyre/

  • Article 3 : The Seventh Continent: 3.43 million km2 of waste floating off the Pacific

http://www.whatagreenlife.com/seventh-continent-3-43-million-km2-waste-floating-pacific/

  • Article 4 : Can plastic rubbish be removed from the world's oceans?

https://www.quora.com/Can-plastic-rubbish-be-removed-from-the-worlds-oceans

  • Article 5 : “Disenchanted”: Easter Island – A Paradise Devastated by Plastic Pollution

http://voices.nationalgeographic.com/2015/06/02/disenchanted-easter-island-a-paradise-devastated-by-plastic-pollution/